Where can I invest the R1m (products) and for how long in order that I should pay zero or a very small amount of tax?
Matthew Chapman of NFBFinancial Services Groupresponds:
First of all congratulations on your property portfolio play. This strategy has worked well for investors for a number of years and is an intelligent means of leveraging against existing assets to invest further.
There are a few things to consider when taking debt out against a rental property:
• You should be able to survive any vacancy periods where you are not receiving an income from the property. The bond payments calculated over 20 years at prime (9.25%) will be approximately R9 150 per R1m bond.
Remember also that we are currently in a low interest rate environment and whilst we do not see rates increasing this year, they are likely to climb eventually which will subsequently increase your monthly repayment. At a prime rate of 10.25% payments become R9 820 monthly; whilst at a prime rate of 11.25% payments are R10 500.
• As you correctly pointed out the interest portion of the bond repayment is deductible against the rental income generated on the specific property that bond was taken out against.
In the early years of the bond the majority of the repayment is interest and will therefore result in a higher after tax yield. However, towards the end of the bond period the principal forms the lion’s share of the repayment which will result in a smaller deduction and a higher taxable rental income.
In terms of investing the R1m received from the bank it is important to target a return that is in excess of the after tax net finance hurdle rate (breakeven rate at which the lump sum must grow in order to equal the cumulative bond repayments) in order to make this strategy viable.
In order to achieve such returns one must take on a level of market risk, as interest yielding investments typically generate returns which are both lower than this level and less tax efficient.
We would therefore recommend that a long term time horizon is considered to be able to ride out short term volatility in search of a higher return. We typically recommend a period of five to seven years for this type of investment. This ties into your query on how long you should invest.
In terms of your query about tax friendly investments you have a number of options although no investment product is entirely tax free but rather tax efficient.
I have listed a number of potential products below with basic characteristics but it is very important to fully understand the liquidity and other constraints that go hand in hand with the reduced tax.
A full explanation of which is out of the scope of this discussion.
• Tax Free Savings Account – Returns, in the form of interest; dividends and capital gains, are non-taxable within this product. Contributions are limited to R30 000 per year and R500 000 over a lifetime, which limits the options for this type of capital sum.
• Retirement Annuity – Returns are untaxed within the product as above, although tax is deferred to a date where a lump sum is taken or income is drawn (after conversion to an annuity.) Withdrawals are subject to tax and cannot be made until age 55.
• Endowment – Returns are taxed at 30%, as opposed to the marginal 40% in the case of high income earners. Liquidity is limited in the first five years.
• Linked Unit Trust – Returns are fully taxable but full liquidity is retained.
It is difficult to point you in an exact direction, both on the product as well as the underlying investment side, without having full insight into your entire portfolio; your goals; your tax profile; your liquidity needs and your attitude towards risk.
As this cannot be construed as formal financial advice, it would be in your interests to contact a certified independent financial adviser, who will be able to conduct a full analysis on your financial position and goals and provide professional guidance with regards to your entire financial plan and risk profile.